VCT/HTC


 

 Preparing a client for an HIV test includes:-

  1. Imparting some knowledge about HIV infection.
  2. Providing the client with information about the test e.g. How to interpret the results in the results kits, the meaning of being positive and negative, the reliability of testing procedures, as well as preparing the client psychologically to embrace any results.
  3. Ensuring the client understands the confidentiality of the results.
  4. The importance of undergoing an HIV test and that getting tested is a personal decision.

If the client turns out to be positive, he/she is counseled on importance of starting medication. Identification of source of support to client is done; disclosure is encouraged and risk reduction due to his/her status.

Those who turn negative, negotiation of risk reduction plan is discussed support for risk reduction and we also counsel the client on the importance of disclosure.

HIV Testing procedure

  • Introduction and orientation to the session is done to the client
  • The counselor reviews the risk behaviors of the client
  • Exploration of options for reducing risk is done by the counselor to client.
  • The HIV test is conducted by the counselor

Results

HIV Negative

  • If the results are negative counseling is done on the results
  • Negotiation of risk reduction plan is discussed by the counselor and the client
  • Support for risk reduction is also given by the counselor.
  • Support for risk reduction is also given by the counselor.
  • Negotiation of disclosure i.e. the partner is also tested.

HIV Positive

  • If the results are positive counseling on the results is done
  • Identification of source of support to the client is done
  • The counselor and client also negotiate disclosure and partner referral
  • Risk reduction issues are also discussed with the client